Covid-19 Belum Reda, Datang Pula Virus Marburg…Ketahui Gejalanya

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Covid-19 Belum Reda, Datang Pula Virus Marburg…Ketahui Gejalanya

KETIKA seluruh dunia masih ‘berperang’ dengan Covid-19, kini dilaporkan Afrika Barat diserang virus dikenali sebagai Marburg yang pertama kali di kesan di Guinea.

Pertubuhan Kesihatan Sedunia (WHO) menjelaskan Marburg mirip dengan virus Ebola salah satu virus yang cukup berbahaya dan boleh membunuh manusia.

Virus Marburg bukanlah sejenis virus yang baharu yang ditemui di dunia sebaliknya ia telah wujud sejak 1960-an di mana virus ini pertama kali menyerang pekerja makmal di Jerman.

Virus itu tersebar menerusi kontak dengan seekor monyet yang dibawa dari Uganda. Monyet itu dikatakan sebagai pembawa virus tersebut.

Marburg merupakan patogen yang sangat berbahaya dan bahagian daripada filovirus ini turut dikenali sebagai Ebola.

Bagaimanapun penularan virus ini terhadap manusia berbeza dengan Covid-19. Ia boleh menular melalui cecair tubuh manusia atau darah.

Ia memerlukan dua hingga 21 hari bagi virus ini untuk menunjukkan gejalanya pada manusia. Biasanya seseorang yang dijangkiti akan mengalami demam panas secara tiba-tiba, sakit kepala, sakit sendi, muntah dan cirit-birit.

Gejala ini sebenarnya sukar dibezakan dengan penyakit lain seperti tipus atau malaria.

Pada hari kelima atau ketujuh selepas terdedah kepada virus itu, seseorang boleh mengalami pendarahan ketika muntah, menerusi najis, hidung, gusi dan kemaluan.

Bagi kes yang teruk, pesakit boleh meninggal dunia pada hari kelapan dan kesembilan selepas gejala awal muncul.

Meskipun sangat berbahaya, sehingga kini belum ada vaksin atau perawatan anti-virus untuk penyakit ini. Pun begitu, rehidrasi dengan teknik intravena boleh meningkatkan jangka hayat pesakit.

Virus Marburg: Kes Pertama Lelaki yang mati di Guinea didapati menghidap penyakit – BBC News

Guinea health officials have confirmed West Africa’s first case of Marburg, a highly infectious disease in the same family as the virus that causes Ebola.

The World Health Organization (WHO) said the virus needed to be “stopped in its tracks”.

Marburg virus disease is transmitted to people from fruit bats and spreads between humans through the transmission of bodily fluids.

Cases are extremely rare with the last major outbreak in Angola in 2005.

It is a severe, often fatal illness with symptoms including headache, fever, muscle pains, vomiting blood and bleeding.

Samples taken from the patient in Guinea, who has since died, were tested in the country’s laboratories, and returned a positive result for the Marburg virus.

It was identified in Guéckédou last week, the same region where recent Ebola cases were found in an outbreak which is now over.

The WHO’s Africa director Dr Matshidiso Moeti said the virus had the potential to “spread far and wide”.

But she praised “the alertness and the quick investigative action by Guinea’s health workers”.

Efforts are now under way to find people who may have been in contact with the man who died.

Four high-risk contacts, including a health worker, have been identified, in addition to 146 others who could be at risk, expert Dr Krutika Kuppalli, who has been following the case, told the BBC.

The systems in place in Guinea and neighbouring countries to control recent Ebola outbreaks are being taken up again in response to the Marburg virus.

In Africa, previous outbreaks and sporadic cases have been reported in Angola, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Kenya, South Africa and Uganda, the WHO says. The first ever Marburg outbreak was in Germany in 1967 where seven people died.

The virus killed more than 200 people in Angola in 2005, the deadliest outbreak on record according to the global health body.

Covid-19 Belum Reda, Datang Pula Virus Marburg…Ketahui Gejalanya


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